oneworld

  • Planning Your Flight

  • Guide to Japan

  • About JAL

World Heritage / Himeji-jo

Criteria: (i) (iv) | Date of Inscription: 1993 | Location: Hyogo Prefecture | Justification for Inscription

UNESCO

Things to see

Daitenshu
Daitenshu
The main tower
The main tower
Shinbashira
Shinbashira
Keshoyagura and Ninomon
Keshoyagura
Ninomon
Hazama (Defensive Positions)
Hazama (Defensive Positions)
Tsujibei / Aburakabe
Tsujibei / Aburakabe
Daitenshu (Main Tower)
In defending the castle, Daitenshu would be used as the last line of defense. To that end, this most important of buildings was constructed on a 15m high stone foundation atop a castle hill standing just over 45m above sea level. The Daitenshu is 31.5m high and contains one basement and six above ground floors with eleven "Shachihoko" in all.
When Five is Actually Six
The main tower of Himeji Castle seems to have five levels but actually contains six floors and is linked with three smaller towers by a breezeway. Layers of "Chidorihafu" (Dormer Gables) and "Karahafu" (Chinese Gables) contrast beautifully with the white plaster exterior.
Shinbashira (Himeji Castle's Main Pillars)
Two main pillars set in the east and west support the castle's main tower. Each is 24.6m in height, measures 95cm in diameter at its base, 42cm in diameter at its uppermost point and stretches from the basement up to the base of the 6th floor. Reconstructed during the Showa era project, (replacement of the pillars was then one of the main reasons to restore the castle) the western pillar is actually two tree trunks connected together at the third floor level. Following a great deal of searching throughout Japan for suitable 'hinoki' trees that would be up to the job, two were found and then joined. One was a 780 year-old hinoki from the Kiso National Forest and the other a 670 year-old hinoki from a shrine in Hyogo Prefecture.
Keshoyagura (Keshoyagura tower)
Constructed in the Nishinomaru using the "keshoryo" (dowry) of Princess Sen, the Keshoyagura served as a home for the princess. The hallway leading to the tower is called the "Hyakken-roka," meaning "long hallway," and was once used as a female servants' room.
Ninomon (Ni-gate)
Ninomon is one of the defenses built into Himeji Castle. Containing a two storied turret and a pathway along which invading enemy forces could enter its basement only to be attached by the defender's spears protruding through the floorboards above, this was a most unique form of deception-cum-defense.
Hazama (Defensive Positions)
Around 400 multi-shaped holes can be found cut into the walls of Himeji Castle's towers, turrets and ramparts and were designed in part to be used in fending off enemy attack while safely protected by the strong castle walls.
Tsuijibei / Aburakabe
Himeji Castle's oldest clay wall was constructed by Toyotomi Hideyoshi and is located near Honomon (the Ho-gate). Made of sand as well as clay, it is said to be strong enough to withstand a direct hit by a bullet.
Planning Your Flight
  • Timetable
  • Route Map
  • Reservation / Services
  • Airport / Baggage / Check-in
  • Travel Information
Guide to Japan
About JAL
  • All About the JAL Group
  • Investor Relations
  • JAL and the Environment
  • System Maintenance
  • Site Policy
  • Privacy Policy
  • JALCARGO

Copyright © Japan Airlines. All rights reserved.